Disability certificate for Persons with Disabilities – Part 1

Blog 10 for SpecialSaathi NGO

Hello Friends.

We often discuss about Disability Certificates in parents’ groups and webinars as we all have to obtain the same for our children. However, there are some confusions regarding the process to obtain the same such as is it compulsory to obtain disability certificate, what is UDID, etc. In today’s blog, I have discussed about Disability Certificate. I have divided this blog into two parts. The first one i.e. today’s blog will make you abreast with basic information about Disability Certificate including its importance. In the second part, I will discuss in detail the process to obtain this disability certificate. If needed, third part covering FAQs regarding practical issues related to the disability certificate. So, let’s begin with understanding about the Disability Certificate.

What is a Disability Certificate?

A Disability Certificate is issued to the Persons with Disabilities (PwD) that helps them to avail various facilities, concessions and benefits offered under various Government Schemes. This certificate validates the type and extent of disability of a PwD.

What is UDID?
A UDID or Unique Disability ID is issued by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities. This card allows the PwD to keep a single document for their disability verification and identification. This card is valid all over India.

Who is the issuing authority for this certificate?
The medical boards of respective states and districts comprising of a Chief Medical Officer (CMO) or a Sub-Divisional Medical Officer in the district and a medical expert such as Audiologist, Psychiatrist, Ophthalmologist, Surgeons, etc. issue disability certificate to a PwD.

What are the benefits of a Disability Certificate?
After the Disability Certificate is obtained, a PwD can avail various benefits depending upon the type and extent of disability.
Some of these are as follows:
– Income Tax Benefits
– Scholarships for students with disabilities
– Reservation in Government jobs
– Concession in railway fare
– Subsidised loan for starting a business
– Free travel facility in some states transportation
– Group insurance applicable for government employees with disabilities
– Unemployment allowance
– Subsidy while buying vehicles
– Subsidy for assistive devices and prosthetic aids

Who can apply for a Disability Certificate?
Any person who has been assessed with 40% or more disability can obtain a Disability Certificate.

As per Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, who is a Person with Disability (PwD)?
As per Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016, a PwD is an individual with one or more of the disabilities mentioned below.

Hope you find the blog useful. As already discussed, I will cover the process for obtaining disability certificate in next blog.
Feel free to share your thoughts on WhatsApp number +919910353219 or email at You can read more about ‘Disability Certificate’ on my website

Author Shivani Lohia

Shivani Lohia is a Chartered Accountant by profession and mother to 8 years old child on the autism spectrum. The cause of autism awareness is very close to her heart and she strongly believes in equal education for all & strongly advocates inclusion. She has been homeschooling her son since he was 5 years old.

Creative representation for this blog is done by our extremely talented CreativeSaathi associate Vinayak Raj

2 replies on “Disability certificate for Persons with Disabilities – Part 1”

Hi Shivani I need some guidance my company has denied considering my son’s special school tuition fee receipt saying it’s coaching center
But that’s the only school he goes to as he is enrolled with nios can you guide how can I take tax benefits for tuition fee

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