What is ADHD?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which children cannot control their activity or emotions. Children with this disorder also find it difficult to concentrate on any one thing. It can have its origins in childhood, which can persist in people into adolescence or adulthood. According to experts, this disorder cannot be treated until the child is 4 years old. Because every child is different. Agility is more active in children during childhood. So it is really difficult to understand whether your child’s excessive restlessness or restlessness is due to age or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. But it is not impossible. The matter should become clear to you only when your child is a little older.

Symptoms of ADHD:

ADHD symptoms can vary from child to child. Experts have divided it into three special forms-

1. Inattentive ADHD (formerly known as ADD),

2. Hyperactive Impulsive ADHD and

3. Combined ADHD (ie the child will have both Inattentive and Hyperactive Impulsive symptoms).

Symptoms of Impulsive ADHD:

1. Children with this disorder tend to daydream more. They lose focus in no time.

2. They have trouble understanding instruction.

3. They are very messy in nature.

4. Sometimes things get lost.

5. Being of a very forgetful nature.

6. It is necessary to shake the head not to want to do such work later.

7. Inability to understand information quickly and accurately.

8. Answering hastily before asking the full question.

9. Lack of patience.

10. Not being able to stand in line or wait your turn.

11. Act without thinking.

12. Not being able to hold back your emotions.

13. Obstructing others.

Symptoms of Hyperactivity:

1. Children with ADHD can never sit still, meaning they are always scrambling to do something.

2. Tendency to talk too much.

3. A lot of shouting while playing.

4. Suddenly doing something he shouldn’t at inappropriate times.

Your baby may have many of the symptoms described above. So don’t worry that your child has ADHD. But yes, if you think he is showing these symptoms a little more than other kids his age, ask the doctor if there is another problem that could be causing the ADHD? yes These symptoms can occur in children if they have hearing or vision problems, learning disabilities or any stress.

There can be any number of reasons why children develop ADHD. Some researchers say it is genetic. According to them, if one child has ADHD in the family, the next sibling has a 20% to 25% chance of having it. According to some researchers, it may be caused by some genetic problems in children. If the brain tissue in children is thinned, it can cause attention problems in children. But this tissue problem in children’s brain is not permanent. As he grows, the tissues thicken and the symptoms of the disease gradually disappear. Research has shown that food preservatives or food coloring increase the likelihood of children developing ADHD. Also, the mother’s cigarette or drug use during pregnancy increases the child’s chance of developing ADHD.

How can ADHD be prevented?

Some methods can be adopted to control ADHD in children —

Anything that harms the foetus should be avoided during labour. Alcohol, smoking and all drugs that are dangerous during pregnancy should be avoided.
Children should be kept away from all toxic substances and pollution. Children should be protected from cigarette smoke and toxic fumes of paint.
Controlling screen time, although not completely proven, should keep children away from watching TV and playing video games as much as possible, especially in the first five years of life.

ADHD diagnosis and treatment

Early diagnosis and treatment are usually necessary if ADHD presents in children before age 12 with severe problems and impairment in school and academic performance. Sometimes very young children have ADHD-like symptoms, but they are developmental disorders, such as delayed speech, inability to speak clearly, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a psychologist, psychiatrist, speech pathologist or developmental paediatrician to diagnose such symptoms in preschool children. The methods used to treat ADHD in children are:
Medication, behaviour therapy, counselling, education therapy

Stimulant Medication: At present this type of psychostimulant medication is being specially used. These drugs regulate and stimulate neurotransmitters in the brain. As a result, symptoms are minimal and often start to produce results in a very short period of time.

The adverse effects of stimulant medication can be seen in :

1. Heart problem
2. Psychiatric problems

A parent should be responsible for ADHD medication in children and teenagers. Medicines cannot be entrusted to them.
Medicines should be stored out of the reach of children.
Children may not be sent to school with ADHD medication.

New medical devices

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved a prescription-only device called the Monarch External Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (eTNS) System for children ages 7–12 who are not taking other ADHD medications. It’s about the size of a cell phone and must be used under parental supervision, placed on the child’s forehead while they sleep. Through this, a very low level of electrical stimulation is sent to the part of the brain that controls behaviour, emotions, etc.

Life changing

1. The child should be given enough love, care, encouragement and importance.
2. You have to give yourself to increase the self-esteem of the child
3. Keeping the child away from situations that may cause problems
4. Daily eating and sleeping time
5. Encourage social interaction
6. Telling stories about school events and classes
7. Maintain regular contact with the child’s teacher

Author Sradhanjali Dasgupta

Consultant Psychologist, Speaker , Learning Developmental Coach, Teacher and trainer Miss. Sradhanjali Dasgupta has been extensively working in the field of Counselling and education for the past few years in several Clinics, Hospitals, NGOs and educational sectors. She also contributes her writings and blogs in various newspapers, magazines and e- magazines Her training and workshops are both for the corporate as well as for the educational sector and are geared up for learning and development,upgradation and capacity building. She have actively taken part in many debates


Attention activities: Play and learn by Pinki Kumar

A video blog by Pinki Kumar on teaching attention building activities. These are the whiteboard activities that can be done at home or at school.

Author Pinki Kumar

Pinki is a special educator, play therapist and a mother of a neurodivergent kid. She has a YouTube channel Play and learn to teach different methods and strategies. These videos are a great resource for the parents to help their child learn various skills.


Basic tips to work with a special need child

A video tutorial on how to understand our children and how to enhance their learning process by Monika Misra.

Way to understand what they cant say….

Each and every child is diffrent and so their learning styles, their minds are fragile and your behaviors shape their future.

Special need children need little extra love, support, encouragement and postive reinforcement.if you will provide every kind of support whatever they need, they will definetly achieve their full potential. They have their own treasure of qualities that should be emraced. As a parent dont try to fix the disability, you just need to help them to beat their dificulties.

Author Monika Misra

Monika Misra
Founder of Deific Skill Portal, Lucknow
Special Educator at Sunrise learning, Noida.
Parent counsellor at Kant Brain Center, Lucknow.

BloggerSaathi CreativeSaathi

Know the Autism Personality vs Adhd Personality

Know the Autism Personality vs Adhd Personality

My Autistic child has the most affectionate and a rainbow 🌈 personality

Artwork by Kabir Vernal

Autism is currently diagnosed according to behaviours which fit into three broad areas: social difficulties, communication impairments, and patterns of restrictive, repetitive behaviours and interests.
“Children with autism are not affectionate”
Well this is not absolutely true

A child with autism can and do show affection. But this expression may differ from other children because of unusual responses to sensory stimuli.

So my affectionate autistic child will show and ask for affection in the most uncommon ways

Child with autism may be oversensitive to touch or hugs but they do ask for light hugs

Child with autism can appear to be detached but they love when you show interests in the pursuits they are most interested in

Child with autism will find difficult to make and build friendships but a child on autism will be most keen on having friends and interact socially

Child with autism might not intuitively look into your eyes but will focus, instead, on other parts of the face or body to try to gain meaning.

Thus , don’t underestimate your affectionate your autistic child , It is their underlying brain circuitry that lets them to follow the social rules little differently from us


Artwork by Heena Sahi

Do read what is an indigo personality and then you would realize you might be sitting next to an indigo child
1.They are born knowing they are unique and deserve to be valued.
2.They understand that they are here for a reason and expect you to understand that too.
3.They are aware of their worth 
4.They don’t settle for absolute authority or having no choices. The educational or hierarchical systems are good examples of that.
5.Indigo children can’t follow the same rules we did as children. They are rebellious.
6.They believe that everything should be given creative thought and don’t fit into strict systems.
7.Usually are quiet because they feel misunderstood and lost unless they are with other indigos.
8.Trying to scare these children with old control methods like – “Wait till your father gets home” has no effect on them.
9.It’s important their personal needs be fulfilled.
10.Have a creative touch for music, poetry, art, jewelry making, etc.
11.Have interesting hobbies.
12.An old soul, as if they are 13 going on 30.
13. Easily bond with plants or animals.
14. Willing to help the world
15. An isolationist, either through aggressive acting – out through fragile introversion.

#psychology of an adhd mind

So, here lies the difference…..

Artwork by Heena Sahi
Artwork by Heena Sahi

Autism – I love learning a lot about the few things I am interested in

Adhd- I love to learning a little about a lot of things I am interested in

Autism –  I become dys-regulated when people are late or change plans suddenly

Adhd-  I struggle to be on time and often need to change plans last minute

Autism- I need predictability and consistent routine

Adhd- – I need excitement and novelity  sticking to routines can feel stifling

Autism- people thinking you are rude because you communicate literally directly and with flat effect

Adhd- people thinking you are rude because you impulsively interrupt and blurt things out

“Please do leave your amazing comments if you love anything about this blog and also do share your feedback , I would appreciate and would be excited to improvise.”

Creative Efforts; Autism and Adhd Coach- Heena Sahi

A rainbow abstract Artwork by Dhairya Pal

Besides using my own creativework, I have used the artworks of superbly talented little wonders Dhairya pal and Kabir Vernal for the creative representation for my blog. A BIG THANK YOU😊 !!

BloggerSaathi CreativeSaathi

Finger and Fine motor and hand

Finger and Fine motor and hand

Hi , in this blog , I will talk about some fabulous fine motor skills to work with individuals on the spectrum

What are fine motor movements –

These are skills are intricate finger and hand movements ,These skills are important for feeding , dressing , writing , playing with different toys , manipulating phone and tablets , switching on and off devices

Basically we use the small muscles in our hand to do all the activities mentioned

It is important to know and understand that for effective fine motor functioning , one needs good core stability and shoulder strength.

These big muscles provide stable base for hands .

Please note that when we reach our hand forward to hold and pick up a glass to bring it to our mouth , the force is also brought by good shoulder girdle strength and core musculature

That is why you must wonder why a physiotherapist of your child is doing lot of heavy work activities for core and upper limbs , he /she is also aiming to build good fine motor control and tone in your child by this muscle synergy

Also it is important to encourage good posture (head, neck, thorax and lumbar area ) for good fine motor work like writing , painting , playing with toys.

Here I ll suggest some fine motor activities /games to try with your child to work on fingers , hands and fine motor manipulation

  1. Sorting games with tweezers and tongs
  2. Piggy bank games
  3. Joiningg links and c links toys
  4. Legos and duplo blocks
  5. Drawing with different drawing tools like crayons , markers , brush pens
  6. Playing different musical instruments –keyboards and drums
  7. Peelings and pasting stickers , finger painting , ear bud painting
  8. Posting games – rolling balls to a target , marble runs ,shape sorters
  9. Threading and lacing kits
  10. Peg boards
  11. Building blocks
  12. Playdough , potter ‘s clay
  13. Making paper clip chains
  14. Cloth pegs to weaned off the paper or clothes
  15. Putting lids on containers of different kinds
  16. Cap on and off from different writing tools
  17. Origami and paper folding
  18. Lock and key set
  19. Kitchen set with encouragement for pouring , stirring , tossing and mixing, gardening set
  20. Weaving and knittting paper strip crafts 

All these activities will indirectly help in making your child independent with different self help skills

Every activity will help to develop a new engram in the brain of your child , more and regular practice will strengthen that engram for that fine motor skills

What the child gains

  1. Good fine motor strength and tone
  2. Finger dissociation
  3. Development of instrumental life skills
  4. Inhand rotations
  5. Pincer , palmar , cylindrical , lumbrical and hook grip
  6. Dynamic tripod and scissor grip
  7. Creative epressive and better finger based motor planning
  8. Executive functions and problem solving

Hence fine motor skills should not be ignored hence proved


Creative efforts and finger painting enthusiast – Heena Sahi

Artwork by Morpheus Nag

Thank you Morpheus Nag for the artwork !!