Dyslexia : ” The advantage of dyslexia is that my brain puts information in my head in a different way.”

World Dyslexia Day is observed on October 8

Mental Health: If there is a problem in understanding numbers or fear of numbers, the main problem is in school. Many are afraid, many suffer from inferiority

Do you remember that little Ishaan in Tare Jamin Par? None of which could be understood. Be it Hindi, English, Maths whatever. Every word, letter pounded in his head but nothing was understood. Ishaan suffered from dyslexia. Many young children suffer from this problem. In most cases the parents do not catch it. But this movie has opened the eyes of many people. Dyslexia can be easily cured if treatment is started at an early stage.
Dyslexia is a disorder that causes a disability in language-based learning. It has various other symptoms as well. According to the International Dyslexia Association, 15 to 20 percent of the total population may be affected by it. Although it cannot be cured, it can be controlled with treatment. Treatment depends on the type of dyslexia a person has.

For some unknown reason, most children are afraid of numbers from a young age. And just as the parent has the responsibility to overcome this fear, so does the teacher. If the sweat falls from the head while doing simple addition-subtraction-multiplication-division figures, unnecessary thoughts and fears sit in the mind, then you should understand that your child or that person is a victim of maths dyslexia. This problem is also called dyscalculia. According to a study in PubMed Central, 3 to 7 out of 100 children, adolescents and adults are likely to have dyscalculia. It is also that some kind of disease, problem is not caught. Because we assume that the child is bad at maths only if he can’t do simple arithmetic or multiplication and division. He is not improving in any way

What is Maths Dyslexia?
Maths People with dyslexia have very poor mathematical skills. People with this disability have difficulty understanding math concepts. They become involved in understanding numerical data. Nothing can be solved if numbers are not understood in mathematics. There is no hard science involved. Nor is the math too difficult. If simple addition, subtraction is a problem, then it is a problem. There is nothing to be ashamed of.

All the problems that occur when Maths Dyslexia is affected:
If there is a problem in understanding numbers or fear of numbers, the main problem is in school. Many are afraid, many suffer from inferiority. And from this fear can not solve simple problems. Difficulty understanding math symbols. Does not want to participate in any fun games related to numbers.
Now it is very difficult to understand at the initial stage that a child cannot do maths or does not want to do it. If there is fear about something, it can lead to problems. And so maths dyslexia is not diagnosed quickly. However, if you cannot recognize numbers and cannot calculate addition, subtraction and multiplication for a long time, consult a Special Educator

What are the types of dyslexia?
There are various learning difficulties, dyslexia is one of them and it can be divided into different types, which will depend on the difficulty that the person is suffering from.

A) Acquired Dyslexia:
It refers to dyslexia that arises in a person who has already learned to read, after an accident that occurs after brain dysfunction. In turn, they are divided into peripheral and central, the identification of which will depend on whether the injury affects information or its processing.

B) Peripheral Dyslexia:

Attention: This was proposed by Patterson in 1981, and is noted in cases where patients can recognize global words, as well as isolated letters. However, they are unable to identify every letter that makes up a word.
Visual: In this case, individuals mistake words for others that are graphically similar. For example, they read masses instead of tables; Sun instead of salt among others. However, they can identify letters in words that they are unable to read. Marshall described this type of dyslexia in 1984, three years after the appearance of attention.
Letter by letter: Among the types of dyslexia referred to, this is affected by word length. A letter type is one that emerges spontaneously when a person is required to read aloud or internally the letters of each particular alphabet.

C) Central Dyslexia: Student has difficulty relating graphic symbols with word meanings; This is caused by inefficiencies in the routes running as their means of connection. Depending on the pathway through which this correlation is difficult to establish, central dyslexia is classified into:

D) Phonological: Patients show impairment in the phonological pathway, as they are able to read familiar words through the visual pathway but are unable to read new, unknown or invented words. Someone with phonological dyslexia might read lopo instead of wolf, for example.
Superfluity: it manifests itself especially with the misreading of irregular words, usually words borrowed from other languages, which have very similar writing and pronunciation in the affected language; For example, “hall” is related to the loss of three points in the visual pathway: the visual lexicon, the semantic system, and the phonological lexicon.

E) Semantics: Patient has the ability to read words through a visual dictionary and phonological dictionary but he will not be able to find its meaning. In this type of dyslexia, there is a dysfunction in the connection between the visual lexicon and the semantic system, which prevents the extraction of the total message.

F) Profound: This is one of the more severe types of dyslexia, as the name suggests, as the individual will have difficulty both reading pseudowords or irregular words and finding their meaning. The profound dyslexia patient will present both symptoms of impairment in the visual pathway as well as impairment in the theoretical pathway. That way, they’ll be able to read “table” where it says “chair.”

Effective treatment :

Dyslexia treatment must include the entire life cycle of the sufferer. Therefore, strategies to address reading difficulties, identified at an early age, will be needed. Mentioned at this time is the Guiding Reading Program; The most famous of which is Orton-Gillingham, (OG), better known as Multisensory and Structured Language Teaching (MSLE). It is considered the most effective tool for teaching children with dyslexia.

The MSLE program uses all the senses to teach children to read. For example, students can write a specific letter by seeing it, pronouncing it, using different materials so that they can feel it or smell it.
Also, the child needs to be entrusted to specialist professionals in the area; To help you identify the sounds of words, separate the words from the same ones and combine them to create new examples. This is known as creating sound epistemological awareness. So, they will learn to pronounce words they don’t know (decoding).
It is advisable to train children in small groups in the classroom. In the same manner, run operations that allow manipulating one or two types of phonemates instead of several at the same time as is customary.
Some, depending on the source of dyslexia, offer eye exercises that stimulate and improve the individual’s visual perception, although this approach is currently highly questionable.

Today’s technological advancements can make the lives of dyslexics especially remarkable at the student level. Several years have recorders that they can use in class, occasionally replacing lessons; Laptops with spell checkers, voice-recorded books, tutorials and special services offered by educational institutions in this particular field.

Why is this a problem?
Research into the true causes of math dyslexia is ongoing. However, it is believed that this problem is genetically inherited in children. Apart from this, the fear of mathematics from childhood became the cause of this disease

Fear of numbers, fever in the name of numbers is a mental problem. There is no cure for this problem. Those who are scared of maths, take more time to do maths should be taught with a little more care. must understand It takes a lot of practice. Only then will this problem be solved.

In conclusion, once you know about this common problem, we invite you to leave your opinion or experience about it in the comment box. You can share the article on your social networks today to promote this issue that affects many children and common people today.

Author Sradhanjali Dasgupta

Consultant Psychologist, Speaker , Learning Developmental Coach, Teacher and trainer Miss. Sradhanjali Dasgupta has been extensively working in the field of Counselling and education for the past few years in several Clinics, Hospitals, NGOs and educational sectors. She also contributes her writings and blogs in various newspapers, magazines and e- magazines Her training and workshops are both for the corporate as well as for the educational sector and are geared up for learning and development,upgradation and capacity building. She have actively taken part in many debates

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