ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in children- An Overview

ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in children

Symptoms of ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) in Children
The following characteristics are indicative of ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in children:

1. carelessness
2. Antisocial behaviour
3. In impulsivity
4. Low self-esteem

The most common causes of childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) are as follows:

● Pre- Natal
● Post Natal
● Peri Natal

1. Genetic mutations
2. environmental factors
3. previous infection
4. brain injury

Risk factors for childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder).
The following factors increase the likelihood of a child developing ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder):

1. Premature birth
2. Genetic mutations in genes associated with dopamine neurotransmission
3. smoking cigarettes
4. Alcohol use
5. Drug use during pregnancy
6. Environmental toxicity exposure
7. low birth weight
8. brain injury

Is there any Prevention of childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder)?
No, childhood ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) cannot be prevented.
A 7-repeat mutation in the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4-7R) gene is responsible for this mutation, so it cannot be prevented. Although treatments are highly available

Incidence of childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder).
Number of incidents:
The number of cases of childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) worldwide each year is as follows:
Very common &gt ; 10 million cases

General age range of patients:
Children with ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) have the highest number of clients in the following age ranges:
Less than 18 years old
This disease is more common in people of the gender:
Children of any gender can develop ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder).

Tests to diagnose childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder)

● The following tests are used to diagnose ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in children
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) Criteria:

Doctors to diagnose ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) in children
If symptoms of ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) occur in children, the client should consult a Consultant specialising in the following:
1. Psychiatrist
2. Psychologist
3. Special Educator

Steps to Treat Child ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder):

The following steps are followed to treat ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) in children:

1. Behavioural Therapy: Learn to reinforce the positive behaviours and treat unwanted or problem behaviours

2. Self-care for children with ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
The following is a list of self-care or lifestyle changes that may be helpful in treating or managing childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder):
1. Try to keep a regular schedule for eating, sleeping and sleeping: Create a schedule for your healthy meals, bedtime or sleep.
2. Rest: Take a break and rest for some time
3. Identify difficult situations: Avoid difficult situations

Alternative medicine for the treatment of childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder).

Some alternative medications and therapies that may be helpful in treating or managing childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) include:
1. Yoga or Meditation: Relax and learn discipline
2. Neurofeedback training: Learn to learn brain wave patterns that activate the front of the brain
3. Exercise: Exercise regularly

Medical support for patients with paediatric ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).
Following can be effective for children with ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder):
1. Show the child a lot of love: Avoid focusing on the negative aspects of the child’s behaviour and praise the child
2. Spend time together with the child: Give more positive than negative attention to the child on a daily basis
3. Strive for healthy family relationships: Build good relationships among family members

During the treatment of childhood ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder).
Although the time-frame of treatment varies for different individuals, if properly treated under the supervision of a specialist, the time-frame for child ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) to come under control is as follows:
The disease cannot be treated but only maintained or reduced in effect

Author Sradhanjali Dasgupta

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